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The End of Paradigms
essay [ ]
Final Coundown

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by [septembrie ]

2005-01-29  |     | 

The End Of Paradigms
Final Countdown

Here we extend Francis Fukuyama theory about the end of history, as a consequence of the failure of ideologies, to the concept of paradigms defined by Thomas Kuhn. One of the interesting results of this exercise argues on the importance of philosophy of language.

We say that paradigms approach to an end, and somewhere, there is a sort of a final countdown that eliminates all the existing paradigms, one by one, until no paradigm remains (or until the paradigm remains). On what basis do we say this?
First, on the basis of many ressemblances that exist between ideologies a paradigms. We can develop here a description between Thomas Kuhn's "paradigms" and Karl Mannheim's "ideology" that would emphasize their subjectivity and relativism.
This is not enough for our purpose, as we need the fact to put in crisis the paradigms in the way the end of Cold War put in crisis existing ideologies.
This fact is given by the "incomensurability of paradigms": a big difference between paradigms that consists in incoherent vocabularies. Wether this incomensurability rests on different values, or different theories about world, is another set of problems. The thing is that, in their content, these paradigms cannot be identified in a single model.
What should be the consequence of this thing? Either we keep the content of these paradigms (i.e. their vocabulary) either we let the content go(and we refer only to the formal rules of language, rules of use). But speaking about paradigms, we will find that there are no isolated philosophers and that, in time, any philosopher that chose to write in Greek, Latin, German, English, that is - to write in the language that made his writings as universal possible, is today at least mentioned. (Why did Descartes wrote in French? and who was Confucius before being translated?)

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